#
Nicolaus(II) Bernoulli

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Born: 6 Feb 1695 in Basel, Switzerland

Died: 31 July 1726 in St Petersburg, Russia

**Nicolaus(II) Bernoulli** was the favourite of three sons of Johann
Bernoulli. He entered the University of Basel when only 13 years of age
and, like many other members of his family, studied both mathematics and
law. In 1715 he became a licentiate in jurisprudence.
Nicolaus worked as his father's assistant helping him with correspondence.
In particular he was involved with writing letters concerning the famous
priority dispute between Newton and Leibniz. He not only replied to Taylor
regarding the dispute but he also made important mathematical contributions
to the problem of trajectories while working on the mathematical arguments
behind the dispute.

Nicolaus worked on curves, differential equations and probability. He
died only 8 months after taking up an appointment in St Petersburg at a
young age when his talents promised so much for the future. Fleckstein
writes:

*With his brother Daniel
he travelled in France and Italy, where both received appointments to the
St Petersburg Academy. Within a year, however, he contracted and died of
a hectic fever.*

Article by: *J.J. O'Connor and E.F. Robertson*

Source: MacTutor History of Mathematics archive